New Physical Therapy Bill Introduced

On Monday Senator Jon Tester (D-MT) and Senator Roger Wicker (R-MS) introduced the APTA-supported legislation Physical Therapist Workforce and Patient Access Act (S. 2676).This legislation would allow physical therapists to participate in the National Health Service Corps Loan Repayment Program. The program involves 2 year contract to work in a health professional shortage area in exchange for a $50,000 loan repayment

The addition of physical therapists to the NHSC Loan Repayment Program will ensure that individuals in rural and underserved areas have access to nonpharmacological options for the prevention, treatment, and management of pain, and access to physical therapy for rehabilitation from postacute sequelae of COVID-19, often called long COVID.

The legislation aligns with APTA’s strategic priority and Public Policy Priorities, 2021-2022 of addressing student loan burdens in physical therapy.

This bill was introduced as a Senate companion bill to the existing house bill (HR 3759) that was introduced in July. Stay tuned for advocacy opportunities to support this legislation.

Medicare Sequestration Moratorium Extended

This afternoon the U.S. Senate passed a compromise bill led by Senator Shaheen (D-NH) and Senator Susan Collins (R-ME) to extend the moratorium on the Medicare Sequestration. The Senate compromise bill will provide a 9-month extension of the moratorium on the -2% Medicare sequester through the end of 2021. 

While we await official word from House Leadership, we do expect the House to pass this Senate proposal upon its return in mid-April and will be signed by President Biden.

The current moratorium on the -2% Medicare sequestration expires on March 31. The extension of the moratorium will likely not be enacted until mid-April at the earliest. This will result in a temporary, 2-3 week period beginning April 1 when the -2% Medicare sequestration will be in effect.  We hope that CMS will hold claims submitted on and after April 1 until the extension is enacted; however, it is unclear whether CMS will do so. We are currently seeking guidance from CMS. While we await clarification from CMS, we recommend that for dates of service on and after April 1, providers consider holding their claims until after enactment of the moratorium extension.

APTA has been actively engaged on this issue including joining a recent joint letter to congressional leaders from national health care groups urging Congress to extend the moratorium. APTA members, patients, and supporters have engaged with their members of Congress on this issue via the APTA Action Center.

Thank you for your advocacy.  Please stayed tuned for additional updates.

The new conversion factor released by CMS helps to offset the impact of fee schedule reductions for PT providers.

What began as a projected 9% cut in payment to PTs under Medicare and was later reduced to an estimated 3.6% cut may be whittled down even further thanks to a recently announced change to how payment is calculated. The change comes by way of an adjustment to the conversion factor, the multiplier applied to relative value units to determine Medicare Part B payment amounts. That figure changed from CMS’ planned $32.41 (precise number: $32.4085) rate to $34.89 ($34.8931) for 2021.

The new conversion factor is still a drop from the 2020 conversion factor of $36.09 ($36.0896), but one that’s far less severe than originally approved — a 3.32% decrease compared with the 10.2% reduction in the final fee schedule.

The result: The smaller cut, coupled with targeted provisions in a spending and COVID-19 relief bill enacted in late December, will help to blunt the effects of changes adopted by CMS that threatened to reduce physical therapy payment by an estimated 9%. Even before factoring in the changes to the conversion factor, the congressional action reduced the effects of the cuts from 9% to an estimated 3.6% for PTs.

How It Works Out for Payment

In some coding situations, the combination of factors may result in cuts less than the estimated 3.6%. For example, payment for therapeutic exercise (CPT code 97110) will drop by an average of 3.3%, from $31.40 in 2020 to $30.36 this year, with manual therapy (97140) seeing a similar percentage decrease, from $28.87 in 2020 to $27.91 in 2021. Neuromuscular reeducation (97112) drops by 2.35% (from $36.09 to $35.34), while CPT code 97530, for therapeutic activities, sees a 2.45% decrease from its 2020 level of $40.42 to $39.43 in 2021.

In a few instances, the new payment levels could even result in slight increases, particularly for PTs conducting an evaluation or reevaluation. For example, in 2020, use of evaluation CPT codes 97161-97163 resulted in a payment of $87.70; that payment increases to $101.89 in 2021. Similarly, payment for reevaluation CPT code 97164 will also increase this year, from $60.30 in 2020 to $69.79. (Noteactual amounts vary by locality).

Increases to the office/outpatient evaluation and management visit codes billed by primary care and some specialty physicians were at the heart of payment cuts to some three dozen professions that CMS says it was forced to implement to maintain budget neutrality. The CMS plan sparked an intensive advocacy effort at both the agency level and on Capitol hill, including historic levels of participation from APTA members and supporters fighting the cuts.

Cuts Still “Unsustainable”

While the new conversion factor is good news for PTs, the damage inflicted by CMS remains — and must be addressed, according to Kara Gainer, APTA’s director of regulatory affairs.

“The updated conversion factor and COVID relief provisions helped us partially dig out of the hole we were put in by CMS, but even with those wins, we’re still facing cuts that are simply unsustainable and damaging to patient access to needed care,” Gainer said. “We need not only to continue to advocate for more relief, but also to engage in a serious dialogue about whether the current physician fee schedule system is an antiquated response to the current demands of our health care environment.”

The new conversion factor will be integrated into the 2021 version of APTA’s Fee Schedule Calculator. Those changes should be loaded into the system in the coming weeks. APTA will share news of the updated calculator when it’s available.

Update on the Proposed 9% CMS Reimbursement Cut

Because of your work, Congress reduced the cut from 9% to an estimated 3.6%.  The fight continues and we are immensely grateful for the over 120,000 emails to Congress, taking every opportunity to raise your voice with legislators, and sending over 25,000 comments to CMS.  This campaign has been enormous and we are appreciative of your time and efforts.

View a full statement from APTA president Sharon Dunn

Win: CMS Will Lift Several Code Pairing Restrictions

After an on-again, off-again approach to rules affecting the billing of code pairs that represent common, appropriate physical therapy practice, the U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services has announced it will accept many of the pairs it had barred for use, or required to be accompanied a modifier if they were used on the same day. The changes, pressed for by APTA, are expected to reduce use of code modifiers that were creating confusion and sparking claim denials.

The good news arrives by way of the Jan. 1, 2021, edition of the National Correct Coding Initiative’s procedure-to-procedure edit tables, a listing of which CPT codes are prohibited from being billed together unless paired with the 59 or X modifier — or simply can’t be paired at all, meaning that if both services are performed on the same day only the first is paid for. In the new edit set that will take effect on Jan. 1, many of these problematic code pairs have been resolved. The retroactive change applies to both office and facility-based settings.

APTA led successful efforts to lift the restrictions, arguing that the edits not only ran counter to best practice, but were forcing overutilization of the 59 and X modifiers. That overuse led some commercial payers to adopt problematic policies that slowed and sometimes even denied claims that were submitted with the required modifier.

This latest development caps off a year that gave many PTs the equivalent of coding whiplash: The original 2020 version of the edits list included prohibitions on several code pairings commonly used in physical therapy; CMS responded to advocacy by APTA and its members and reversed that decision in early February. Then, in April, CMS responded to additional APTA advocacy and lifted more edits, only to reinstate them on Oct. 1. The latest announcement paves the way for a more settled coding environment in 2021.

The code pairing restrictions deleted in both office and facility-based settings include:

97110 with 97164
97112 with 97164
97113 with 97164
97116 with 97164
97140 with 97164
97150 with 97164
97530 with 97116
97530 with 97164
99281-99285 with 97161-97168
97161-97163 with 97140
97127 with 97164
97140 with 97530
97530 with 97113

In its announcement, CMS says that some of the positive changes are retroactive to Oct. 1, 2020, with others retroactive to Dec. 31, 2019. APTA has reached out to CMS and its NCCI contractor to get more answers on the deletion dates and provisions that could allow reprocessing of previously denied claims. The association also will update the code pairing chart available on its Medicare National Correct Coding Initiative webpage.

Read More

New Legislation Targets Medicare Payment Cuts

A bipartisan effort to avoid proposed cuts to Medicare payments in 2021 has been launched: On Oct. 30, Reps. Ami Bera, MD, D-Calif., and Larry Bucshon, MD, R-Ind., introduced legislation in the U.S. House of Representatives that would add funding to Medicare and direct CMS to essentially reset payment to 2020 levels for the 37 professions on the chopping block for cuts. Those professions include physical therapy, which was targeted for reductions that amount to a 9% decrease in payment levels.

Contact Congress to stop the cuts. APTA members and their communities have sent more than 50,000 letters to congress and more than 25,000 letters to Medicare voicing opposition to the proposed cuts. Let’s keep up the pressure: Contact your members of Congress today and urge them to take action to stop the CMS proposal to make deep cuts to Medicare beginning Jan. 1, 2021. Taking action now and in the days ahead is vital to our profession and patients. Click here to learn more.

Department of Labor revises regulations that implemented the FFCRA paid sick leave and expanded family and medical leave provisions


The Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA or Act) requires certain employers (generally those who employ fewer than 500 employees) to provide employees with paid sick leave or expanded family and medical leave for specified reasons related to COVID-19. The Department of Labor’s (Department) Wage and Hour Division (WHD) administers and enforces the new law’s paid leave requirements. These provisions apply from the effective date through December 31, 2020. Under the FFCRA, health care providers and emergency responders may be excluded by their employer from emergency paid sick leave and/or expanded family and medical leave.The Department of Labor issued its initial temporary rule implementing provisions under the FFCRA on April 1, 2020. In implementing these provisions, the DOL adopted a broad definition of health care provider. See APTA’s April 3, 2020 story. On August 3, a New York federal court judge invalidated several pieces of U.S. Department of Labor guidance on limitations of the Families First Coronavirus Response Act. The DOL guidance provided avenues for employers to deny paid time off mandated in the act to certain employees and in certain circumstances — one such exemption being an employee’s status as a “health care provider.” In the ruling, the judge declared the provisions invalid, declaring that the DOL guidance exceeded its scope of authority. The act’s paid time off and family leave provisions apply to employers with fewer than 500 employees On September 11, the U.S. Department of Labor’s Wage and Hour Division posted revisions to regulations that implemented the paid sick leave and expanded family and medical leave provisions of the Families First Coronavirus Response Act. The revisions made by the new rule clarify workers’ rights and employers’ responsibilities under the FFCRA’s paid leave provisions, in light of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York’s August 3, 2020 decision that found portions of the regulations invalid.To summarize, the revisions do the following:

  • Reaffirm and provide additional explanation for the requirement that employees may take FFCRA leave only if work would otherwise be available to them.
  • Reaffirm and provide additional explanation for the requirement that an employee must have employer approval to take FFCRA leave intermittently.
  • Revise the definition of “health care provider” to include only employees who meet the definition of that term under the Family and Medical Leave Act regulations or who are employed to provide diagnostic services, preventative services, treatment services, or other services that are integrated with and necessary to the provision of patient care which, if not provided, would adversely impact patient care.
  • Clarify that employees must provide required documentation supporting their need for FFCRA leave to their employers as soon as practicable.
  • Correct an inconsistency regarding when employees may be required to provide notice of a need to take expanded family and medical leave to their employers.

The revisions to that temporary rule will become effective immediately upon publication in the Federal Register. 

What this means:

As noted above, DOL has amended the definition of health care provider for purposes of the Families First Coronavirus Response Act emergency paid sick leave and expanded family and medical leave provisions; DOL adopted a revised definition of health care provider for purposes of the employer’s optional exclusion of employees who are health care providers from FFCRA leave. DOL’s revised “health care provider” definition is clear that employees it covers must themselves must be capable of providing, and employed to provide diagnostic, preventative, or treatment services or services that are integrated with and necessary to diagnostic, preventive, or treatment services and, if not provided, would adversely impact patient care. PTs and PTAs were considered health care providers under the previous DOL regulations on FFCRA (issued April 1, 2020). Under the newly revised DOL regulation, PTs and PTAs employed to provide health care services fall under the definition of health care provider whose employers may elect to exclude from taking expanded paid leave or emergency sick leave under the FFCRA. Note: The revised definition of health care provider as described above applies only for the purpose of determining whether an employer may elect to exclude an Employee from taking leave under the FFCRA [Emergency Paid Sick Leave Act and/or the Emergency Family and Medical Leave Expansion Act]. This definition does not otherwise apply for the purposes of the FMLA. Nor does it identify health care providers whose advice to self-quarantine may constitute a qualified reason for paid sick leave under FFCRA section 5102(a)(2).

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